How many valence electrons are in carbon
In this article you can find the answer for How many valence electrons does carbon have . Carbon atom has a electron configuration as follows : 1s2 2s2 2p2. Valence electrons in carbon can be determined by looking at the electron numbers of last shell. There are 4 valence electrons in carbon.
What is valence electron?
We call the electrons in the highest energy level of an atom, that is, in the outermost electron shell, the valence electron. Valence electrons not only determine the chemical properties of elements, but also determine whether an element will bond with other elements.
How many valence electrons does carbon atom have
Let’s leave how valence electrons affect chemical bonds for the next topic, and let’s look at how we found the number of valence electrons for now. First, let’s consider the carbon atom, which has a simple electron configuration.
A carbon atom with atomic number 6 has 2 electrons in the first energy level (1s2) and 4 electrons in the second energy level (2s2 2p2). Since carbon, which has a total of 6 electrons, has 4 electrons in its highest energy level, we indicate the number of valence electrons by placing 4 dots around C.
So, we can say that carbon atom has 4 valence electrons.
Valence electrons in carbon
Valence electrons in Carbon is 4. Carbon atom has 4 valence electrons.
Because if you check electron configuration for carbon, you will see that last shell is 2s2 2p2 which means that carbon has 4 valence electrons.
There is a point we should pay attention to here. The highest energy level of the carbon atom has two subshells: 2s and 2p. There are two electrons each in the 2s subshell and the 2p subshell. When looking at valence electrons, we pay attention not only to the last subshell, but also to the total number of electrons in these two subshells at the same fundamental energy level.
What is the electron configuration for carbon?
Electron configuration for Carbon is 1s2 2s2 2p2 .
If you need the electron configuration for Carbon, you should know that it has 6 electrons so the electron configuration for Carbon should be 1s2 2s2 2p2 .
Here is another great source “CH3CH2CH3 Lewis Structure“.