Where Is the Safest Place to Be During a Nuclear Attack?


Ukraine-Russia war is getting more intense every day and an attack to a nuclear plant may cause a nuclear explosion. Also, Russia may use a nuclear weapon. The safest place to be during a nuclear attack is a fallout shelter. But since fallout shelters are not easy to find in Ukraine, the safest place for you is the basement. According to Swiss Federal Office for Civil Protection, the protection factor of outside is 1 while the protection factor of the basement is 100.

safest place during nuclear attack
Source: Swiss Federal Office for Civil Protection

Nuclear Attack

When a nuclear attack happens, it will not be safe to go out to look for food. For at least 48 hours, if possible more, you should wait in shelters. Having food and medical supplies on hand will keep people comfortable and focus on other situations for survival. You should store some food and medical supplies in your basement as a measure for a nuclear attack.

nuclear attack
Source: Swiss Federal Office for Civil Protection

Storing durable foods that do not spoil for years will ensure that they can be managed long after a nuclear attack. Foods such as rice, beans, sugar, honey, oats, pasta, milk powder, dried fruits and vegetables are foods that can last for a long time. In addition, food-grade plastic tanks can be used for clean water needs.

Be Prepared for a Nuclear Explosion

There are some things that should also be prepared for information purposes or to signal your presence. Radio is the most basic communication tool. There should be enough batteries to last for a long time. Having a whistle is very useful for signaling assistance. It’s also useful to have a phone, although the availability of cell phone service is questionable. In addition, an emergency kit can be prepared. Included in this set are flashlights and batteries, gas masks, plastic sheet and adhesive tape, pliers and wrench for solving gas and water troubles.

Medical supplies are essential in the event of any injury. For this reason, a simple emergency kit should be available. The emergency aid kit should include gauze, sterile bandages, antibiotic ointment, latex gloves, scissors, tweezers, thermometer and blanket. In addition, if there is a disease under constant surveillance and drug treatment, long-term adequate drug support should be available.

The probability of a nuclear attack occurring all at once is very low. In order to learn the current political situation and to learn about a possible nuclear attack, the news should be followed constantly. If there is a high probability of a nuclear attack, the current situation should be carefully evaluated and the evacuation option should be reviewed. Because airports and navy bases are home to nuclear bombers, ballistic missile submarines, and intercontinental rocket silos, these areas are certain to be the target of even a limited nuclear attack.

Commercial ports and runways are likely to be targets in a limited nuclear attack, but these areas are certain to be targets in a full-force nuclear war. Government centers are also likely targets in a limited nuclear war, and a definite target in a full-force nuclear war. Large industrial cities and populated centers are likely to be targets in a full-force nuclear war. Considering the distance to all these areas, personal evacuation plans should be created.

Surviving a Nuclear Attack

Other than the geopolitical signs of a nuclear attack, the first warning signs will be alarm or warning signals. Even when these signals are not received, at a point far from the epicenter, the light effect of a nuclear explosion will be a warning signal. The bright light produced by the explosion can be seen even from tens of kilometers away. Unless there is a very good shelter at the epicenter of the explosion, the chances of survival are very low. Under no circumstances should the fireball be looked at.

effects of nuclear attack on human body
Source: Swiss Federal Office for Civil Protection

On a clear day, even from a great distance, this event can cause temporary blindness. When these signals are received, a bunker should be entered immediately. If shelter has not been found, shelter should be sought on a ledge and the skin should be protected whenever possible by lying face down. It is possible to take shelter in buildings that are sure to be robust against pressure and heat waves. This will provide significant protection against radiation. However, the construction features of the building and the distance from the epicenter will affect its chances of survival. It is important to stay away from windows and flammable materials.

After the nuclear explosion, dust and debris scattered into the atmosphere will begin to rain in the form of rain. This rain will bring a large amount of radiation down to the earth. Also known as black rain, this black soot contains high amounts of radiation and is deadly. The fallout contaminates everything it touches. If the initial effects of nuclear attack are to be recovered, a shelter must be found to shelter from the black rain. It is necessary to know the types of radiation (alpha, beta, gamma and neutron radiations) and their properties in order to make a conscious refuge. In addition, it will be useful to know the properties of materials (such as steel, rock, wood) that can be found in the environment to be used as radiation shields. Such reinforcements to the walls of the bunker will reduce the radiation dose to be received. The duration of stay in the shelters should be planned to be at least 8-9 days. Under no circumstances should bunkers be abandoned within the first 48 hours.

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